Vegetable whose name is Japanese for “big root”

A vegetable whose name is Japanese for big root is “daikon radish” when you say veggie. Large, white radishes of the daikon variety are frequently used in Japanese cuisine. Because of its size and shape, the term literally translates to “huge root” in English.

Daikon is a versatile ingredient in many different cuisines thanks to its crisp texture and mild, somewhat sweet flavor. It is frequently pickled, grated, or sliced and added to soups and stews, served as a side dish, or used as a topping for rice bowls.

Daikon is renowned for its culinary purposes and numerous health advantages, such as its high fiber content and digestive-enhancing qualities.

What is this Daikon?

A long, white root vegetable called daikon is grown all over East and South Asia. It resembles an extremely large carrot in appearance, and like wide radish varieties, it is nourishing, crunchy, and energizing. Depending on how it is prepared, it can also take on various consistencies and flavors.

vegetable whose name is japanese for big root

Dai means “large” or “great” in Japanese, and  means “root.” This all adds up to, well, a “huge root.” Mu is the name of its rounder Korean counterpart. The vividly colored watermelon radish, another close relative, is Chinese.

The name for daikon in Cantonese is lo bak. Although daikon radishes are more often known as turnips in some parts of China, the Mandarin term for them is luo bo. Mooli is a common name for daikon in South Asian nations. Daikon is commonly referred to as winter radishes since it can grow in cold climates.

What Flavor Does It Have?

Compared to a peppery red radish, the flavor of raw daikon radish is sweet and mildly spicy. The white radish cultivar can affect the level of spice, with some having a stronger flavor.

The flesh is really juicy and crisp. Like a cooked turnip, cooked daikon has a mild, sweet flavor and becomes soft. The greens have a strong, peppery flavor that, when cooked, slightly mellows.

What distinguishes red radishes from daikon?

Red radishes and daikon belong to the same genus and species. The main differences between them are their sizes, colors, and usually growing and eating regions. Daikon radishes are mainly white and can reach a length of 20 inches, while some kinds, like the Korean mu, have a little green tint around their leaves. Red radishes are often hotter, have a maximum diameter of around two inches, and are more frequently used in Western cuisines.

Any alternatives to daikon?

Jicama is a good substitute for daikon radishes if you can’t locate them at your neighborhood market or grocery shop. Jicama, another root vegetable, has a similar starchy texture and crisp, watery bite. Jicama is the finest choice in terms of texture, despite the fact that daikon doesn’t taste as sweet.

The dependable hothouse or English cucumber would be your next best bet for dishes or recipes that call for raw daikon if the grocery store shelves were also devoid of jicama. Other radish kinds, such as white or red radishes, can also be used as a substitute.

Are there any health advantages to daikon?

When white radishes are in season, doctors should take a break, according to an old Chinese saying. Daikon is a nutritional powerhouse. It is a nutrient-rich, low-calorie food that is also high in water content, vitamin C, calcium, folate, and potassium.

Additionally, daikon includes fiber and digestive enzymes. Daikon has a high folate level, which is said to aid in cell growth and development, making it occasionally advised for pregnant women to consume.

How to get Daikon Radish?

Daikon occasionally appears in supermarkets, particularly upscale grocery stores or markets situated in areas with a significant Japanese or Chinese population. Try an Asian market if you can’t locate daikon in your neighborhood supermarket.

The radish is available at several farmers markets and CSAs during the winter when it is in season. The vegetable can be found all year round in supermarkets and is frequently sold loose by the pound.

White radishes can be as little as 6 inches or as long as an arm, depending on the cultivar. Different people have rounded shapes. Whatever the kind, seek for a firm, tight-skinned daikon that is weighty for its size, clear of cuts, and without any dark or soft patches.

Daikon radish can be raised indoors. For a winter crop, sow the seeds in the summer or early fall (depending on your growing zone), or about two months before the first day of frost. Since it leaves behind a soil cavity for crops like potatoes and replenishes the soil’s nutrients, the plant is frequently employed in agriculture as tillage.

How to prepare and consume daikon?

As previously said, pickled daikon pairs perfectly with Korean fried chicken (ditto grilled short ribs). Daikon can also be eaten raw and chopped into sticks as a snack—baby carrots.

Ssamjang, a concoction of gochujang (Korean fermented pepper paste) and doenjang (Korean fermented soybean paste), sesame oil, chopped garlic, and sesame seeds, is my go-to condiment for raw daikon radish sticks.

Any clear soup or stew is a nice complement with daikon radish. In a Korean beef soup, or a tofu variant, thick pieces of daikon are simmered until they become tender, gleaming cubes of taste.

One may presumably bite into hot soup, like a satisfyingly savory version of Gushers, because it seems as though the daikon is both liquid and solid. Nothing would pair better with this soup than the well-known daikon kimchi side dish, known in Korea as .

Daikon can be used in a variety of recipes as a crunchy garnish, condiment, or filler. Grate daikon over cold soba noodles and toss with soy sauce, mirin, nori, scallions, and wasabi for a dish with a Japanese influence.

You can also try making mooli parathas from Indian Punjabi cuisine, which involves stuffing flatbread parathas with grated daikon radish that has been marinated in chiles, garlic, and garam masala. Making a savory turnip cake with this versatile vegetable is another way to prepare it. Alternately, shred it and add sesame oil and vinegar to it for a rice bowl side dish.

Daikon can be used with a number of other crunchy vegetables to make a crisp and energizing salad, or it can be combined with Asian pears, salty cheese, and other fresh ingredients to make a colorful winter slaw. Make it into a crunchy pickle to go on a barbecue sandwich or serve with fried salmon. As they say, the options are limitless.


The versatile and nutrient-rich vegetable daikon has a distinct flavor and texture. It has a long history of cultivation in Asian food, and many households now consider it to be a staple.

Daikon is a fantastic complement to a healthy diet because it is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Its crisp, somewhat sweet flavor can be savored either raw or cooked, and it can be used in a wide range of meals, including salads, sandwiches, soups, and stews.

Daikon is used in some well-known foods such as Korean kimchi, Japanese pickles, and radish cake. Daikon is definitely worth a try, whether you are an experienced chef or are just beginning to experiment with new ingredients!


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